Learning visibility of landmarks for vision-based localization

Alcantarilla, Pablo F.; Oh, Sang Min; Mariottini, G. L.; Bergasa, Luis M.; Dellaert, F.
Year: 2010
Type of Publication: In Proceedings
Keywords: 3D map; 3D reconstruction process; appearance-based matching methods; camera pose; data association; features extraction; landmarks; learning visibility; matching process; nonparametric distribution model; vision-based localization; cameras; feature extraction; image
Book title: Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2010 IEEE International Conference on
Pages: 4881 -4888
Month: May
ISSN: 1050-4729
DOI: 10.1109/ROBOT.2010.5509383
We aim to perform robust and fast vision-based localization using a pre-existing large map of the scene. A key step in localization is associating the features extracted from the image with the map elements at the current location. Although the problem of data association has greatly benefited from recent advances in appearance-based matching methods, less attention has been paid to the effective use of the geometric relations between the 3D map and the camera in the matching process. In this paper we propose to exploit the geometric relationship between the 3D map and the camera pose to determine the visibility of the features. In our approach, we model the visibility of every map feature with respect to the camera pose using a non-parametric distribution model. We learn these non-parametric distributions during the 3D reconstruction process, and develop efficient algorithms to predict the visibility of features during localization. With this approach, the matching process only uses those map features with the highest visibility score, yielding a much faster algorithm and superior localization results. We demonstrate an integrated system based on the proposed idea and highlight its potential benefits for the localization in large and cluttered environments.
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